Address: 173-B Tagore Town, Allahabad
Contact No: 0532-2468222, 7080632218
Email: devpadhealth@gmail.com

 

 

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Osteoporosis


What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease of progressive bone loss associated with an increased risk of fractures. The term osteoporosis literally means porous bone. The disease often develops unnoticed over many years, with no symptoms or discomfort until a fracture occurs. Osteoporosis often causes a loss of height and dowager's hump (a severely rounded upper back).

Why should I be concerned about osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a major health problem, affecting more than 44 million Americans and contributing to an estimated 2 million bone fractures per year. According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, the number of fractures due to osteoporosis may rise to over 3 million by the year 2025.

Vertebrae showing signs of osteoporosis. Normal vertebrae (left), vertebrae with mild osteoporosis (center), and vertebrae with severe osteoporosis (right).

One in two women and one in four men older than 50 years will sustain bone fractures caused by osteoporosis. Many of these are painful fractures of the hip, spine, wrist, arm, and leg, which often occur as a result of a fall. However, performing even simple household tasks can result in a fracture of the spine if the bones have been weakened by osteoporosis. The most serious and debilitating osteoporotic fracture is a hip fracture. Most patients who experience a hip fracture and previously lived independently will require help from their family or home care. All patients who experience a hip fracture will require walking aids for several months, and nearly half will permanently need canes or walkers to move around their house or outdoors. Hip fractures are expensive. Health care costs from hip fractures total more than $11 billion annually, or about $37,000 per patient.

What causes osteoporosis?

Doctors do not know the exact medical causes of osteoporosis, but they have identified many of the major factors that can lead to the disease.

Aging
Everyone loses bone with age. After 35 years of age, the body builds less new bone to replace the loss of old bone. In general, the older you are, the lower your total bone mass and the greater your risk for osteoporosis.

Heredity
A family history of fractures; a small, slender body build; fair skin; and Caucasian or Asian ethnicity can increase the risk for osteoporosis. Heredity also may help explain why some people develop osteoporosis early in life.

Nutrition and Lifestyle
Poor nutrition, including a low calcium diet, low body weight, and a sedentary lifestyle have been linked to osteoporosis, as have smoking and excessive alcohol use.

Medications and Other Illnesses
Osteoporosis has been linked to the use of some medications, including steroids, and to other illnesses, including some thyroid problems.




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Address: 173-B Tagore Town, Allahabad
Contact No: 0532-2468222, 7080632218
Email: devpadhealth@gmail.com