Laparoscopic surgery also referred to as minimally invasive surgery describes the performance of surgical procedures with
the assistance of a video camera and several thin instruments. During the surgical procedure, small incisions of up to
half an inch are made and plastic tubes called ports are placed through these incisions. The camera and the instruments
are then introduced through the ports which allow access to the inside of the patient.
The camera transmits an image of the organs inside the abdomen onto a television monitor. The surgeon is not able to see directly into the patient without the traditional large incision. The video camera becomes a surgeon’s eyes in laparoscopy surgery, since the surgeon uses the image from the video camera positioned inside the patient’s body to perform the procedure.
Laparoscopy can be used for diagnosis, treatment, or both. A diagnostic procedure can sometimes turn into treatment. Some reasons for diagnostic laparoscopy are:
Once the procedure is over, nurses will monitor your vital signs. You’ll stay in recovery until the anesthesia wears off. You will not be released until you can urinate on your own. Difficulty urinating is a possible side effect of catheter use.
Recovery time varies. It depends on what procedure was performed. You may be free to go home a few hours after surgery. You might also have to stay in the hospital for one or more nights.
After surgery, your belly button might be tender. There may be bruises on your stomach. The gas inside you can make your chest, middle, and shoulders ache. There’s also a chance that you’ll feel nauseated for the rest of the day.
Before you go home, your doctor will give you instructions on how to manage possible side effects. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication or antibiotics to prevent an infection.
Depending on the surgery, you may be told to rest for a few days or weeks. It may take a month or more to return to normal activities.
• Serious complications of laparoscopy are rare. However, you should call your doctor if you have: